TOP > Car Assessment > Testing methods in other countries > Testing methods in other countries

Testing methods in other countries

Testing methods in other countries

Testing methods in other countries

Information on automobile collision safety performance is provided to the public by organizations such as the United States NHTSA (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration)


Organization Testing method Evaluation method
United States Department of Transportation NHTSA (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration) ・Full-wrap frontal collision test (against a rigid barrier at 35mph: approx. 56km/h)
・Side collision test (against a moving barrier at 38.5mph: approx. 62km/h)
・Roll over test
・Installation of ESC and side curtain air bag eguipment
・Child car seat usability evaluation
・ Passenger injury evaluated with 5 levels (using ★ where 5 ★ is the best)
United States Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) ・Offset frontal collision test (against a deformable barrier at 64km/h)
・SUV side collision test (against a moving barrier at 50 km/h)
・Neck protection test in a rear-end collision
・Roof strength test
・Installation ESC equipment
・ Overall evaluation based on body deformation and occupants injuries with 4 levels selecting "Top Safety Picks"
EU
Euro NCAP
(Assisted by European Commission and others)
・ Offset frontal collision test (including child passenger in rear seats)(againset a deformable barrier at 64km/h)
・ Side collision test (including child passenger in rear seats)(against a moving barrier at 50 km/h)
・Side collision test against a pole (against a pole at 29km/h)
・Neck protection test in rear-end collision
・Pedestrian (head and leg) protection performance test
・ESC equipment rate evaluation
・Installation of seatbelt reminder in driver's seat, front passenger's seat, rear seats
・Installation of speed limiter
・ Overall evalution based on left-mentioned evaluating topics (using ★ where 5 ★ is the best)
Government of New Zealand, State Governments of Australia, others
(ANCAP)
・Offset frontal collision test (against a deformable barrier at 64km/h)
・Side collision test (optionally pole test)(against a pole at 29km/h)
・Pedestrian (head and leg) protection peformance test
・Installation of ESC equipment
・ Overall evaluation based on body deformation and occupants injuries (using ★ where 5 ★ is the best)
Korea's Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs
(KNCAP)
・Full-wrap frontal collision test (against a rigid barrier at 56km/h)
・Offset frontal collision test (against a deformable barrier at 64km/h)
・Side collision test (against a moving barrier at 55km/h)
・Pedestrian (head and leg) protection peformance test
・Neck protection test in a rear-end collision
・Braking performance test
・Roll over test
・ Evaluation by each topic with 5 levels based on occupants injuries (using ★ where 5 ★ is the best)
China Automotive Technology & Research Center
(C-NCAP)
・Full-wrap frontal collision test (including AF05 passenger in rear seats)(against a rigid barrier at 50km/h)
・Offset frontal collision test (including AF05 passenger in rear seats)(against a deformable barrier at 56km/h)
・Side collision test (against a moving barrier at 50km/h)
・Installation seatbelt reminder, ISO-FIX anchorage assessment
・ Overall evaluation based on body deformation and occupants injuries (using ★ where 5 ★ + is the best)

※ 1:Testing methods are implemented according to each country's actual situations of accidents.
※ 2: In collision test, European Countries equip rear seats in test vehicles with a child seat to assess child protection performance.

Collision Safety performance Technical Regulations in Other Countries


Country Technical Regulations Testing method
U.S.A. ・Frontal crash standard(FMVSS 208) Full-wrap impact against a rigid barrier at 35 mph (approx. 56 km/h), etc.
・Side impact standard(FMVSS 214) Impact against a moving barrier at 33.5 mph (approx. 54 km/h)
ECE (member nations of agreement in 1958 and Japan) ・Frontal crash standard(ECE R94) Offset impact against a deformable barrier at 56 km/h
・Side impact standard(ECE R95) Impact against a moving barrier at 50 km/h
EEC
(member nations of EU)
・Frontal crash standard(ECE R94) Offset impact against a deformable barrier at 56 km/h
・Side impact standard(ECE R95) Impact against a moving barrier at 50 km/h
・ Pedestrian protection(Regulation(EC) 78/2009) Impact on legs against bumper at 40 km/h
Impact on the head against bonnet at 35 km/h
Australia ・Frontal crash standard(ADR 69) Full-wrap impact against a rigid barrier at 48 km/h
・Frontal crash standard(ADR 73) Based on ECE R94
・Side impact standard( ADR72) Based on ECE R95
Japan
(for reference)
・ Frontal collision standard (Article 18, Safety Regulation for Road Vehicles) Full-wrap impact against a rigid barrier at 50 km/h
・ Frontal collision standard (Article 18, Safety Regulation for Road Vehicles) Based on ECE R94
・ Side collision standard (Article 18, Safety Regulation for Road Vehicles) Based on ECE R95
・ Pedestrian Protection (Article 18, Safety Regulation for Road Vehicles) Impact on the head against bonnet at 32 km/h
・ Seatbelt reminder (Article 22-3, Safety Regulation for Road Vehicles) Based on ECE R16

Types of collision safety performance tests

Full-wrap frontal collision against a rigid barrier

In this test, the entire front of the test vehicle is made to collide with a concrete barrier. This test causes the greatest amount of force to be exerted on the dummies and is particularly useful in evaluating the effectiveness of passenger restraining devices such as seatbelts and airbags.



Offset frontal collision test against a deformable barrier

In this test, driver's side of the test vehicle is made to collide with a barrier outfitted with an aluminum honeycomb material designed to deform on impact. Because the impact is absorbed by only one section of the car, deformation of the body is great, even though the force exerted on the dummy is less than in other tests. This test is useful for evaluating the risk of injury to passengers due to deformation of the vehicle body.



Side collision test

In this test, a moving barrier outfitted with an aluminum honeycomb material designed to deform on impact is made to collide with the driver's side of the test vehicle.